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> Peninsular Background Of, LATIN AMERICAN CATTLE RANCHING
     
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post 4/10/2013, 9:48 Quote Post

Salve,
temat bliski mojej pasji - hsitoria pasterstwa konnego zaczela sie w Hiszpanii i Portugalii
THE PENINSULAR BACKGROUND OF LATIN AMERICAN CATTLE RANCHING - autor Charles Julian Bishko

http://libro.uca.edu/frontier/bishko6.htm
Rozdzial z ksiazki tegoz autora - Studies in Medieval Spanish Frontier History http://libro.uca.edu/frontier/spanfrontier.htm
*
jezyk angielski

fragment -


QUOTE
The history of Spanish and Portuguese cattle ranching and its expansion to the Western hemisphere has never been seriously investigated on either side of the Atlantic. Descriptions of medieval Iberian pastoralism, whether in the older, narrowly juridical works of Redonet, Camacho, and Moreno Calderón or the superior modern treatments of Klein and Ribeiro, deal almost exclusively with sheep raising, the "clásica ganadería española." (1) Latin Americanists, on the other hand, have long recognized that in the Luso-Hispanic [492] colonization and development of the Americas it is not sheep raising but cattle raising that plays by far the major role. Yet they have failed to explore the reasons for this striking reversal; and, in spite of much loose generalization on the subject by Latin-American and Anglo-American writers, we still know astonishingly little about the peninsular background from which sprang the greatest cattle empire in world history one still flourishing from the Argentine pampa to the plains of Wyoming.

The fact is that, since the sixteenth century, historians of the Indies have tended to limit their discussion of colonial cattle ranching to only three of its many aspects: (1) the identification of the supposed first importers of the Iberian cow, such as Colón for Española, Villalobos and Cortés for New Spain, Fernán Gutiérrez for Peru, the brothers Goes for Brazil, and in the River Plate country, Gaete with his famous "siete vacas y un toro"; (2) the territorial lines of bovine diffusion; and (3) the mounting statistics of herds and hides. But the recent studies of Miranda, Chevalier and Morrisey on the colonial cattle frontier as a cutting edge of Hispanic settlement in Mexico, and the many unsolved problems connected with the cattle country's participation in the Wars of Independence and in subsequent political and economic evolution, underline our urgent need of comprehensive institutional histories of ganadería vacuna for all parts of Latin America. (2) Such histories, however, require as an indispensable preliminary an account of the organization and conditions of operation of the ranch cattle industry in Spain and Portugal before 1500, and this, even in brief or inadequate form, has simply not been obtainable.


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