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> Robin Hood, Wielki sprawiedliwy, czy zwykły złodziej

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post 22/08/2014, 15:09 Quote Post

QUOTE(Arbago @ 19/03/2013, 22:40)
Ale z tym szeryfem z Nottingham to bym uważał. Podejrzewamy północną Anglię, lub pogranicze walijskie w XIII wieku jako rejon działania Robina, reszta to snucie fantazji.

Więc legendarny sherwoodzki las idzie w odstawkę? Dlaczego w takim razie w każdej opowieści o Robin Hoodzie pojawia się ów szeryf Nottingham?
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post 29/08/2016, 10:37 Quote Post

Ani sprawiedliwy, ani złodziej. Po prostu zwykły bandyta smile.gif

"In his book Bandits, the Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm indentified Robin Hood as "the international paradigm of social banditry" and gives over an entire chapter to him called "The Noble Robber". Hobsbawm compared him with Diego Corrientes (1757-81) from Andalusia, who was seen as a Christ-like figure who robbed from the rich, gave to the poor and killed no one. But after Charles of Spain offered a hundred gold pieces for his capture, he was betrayed and taken to Seville, where he was hanged, though he had never taken a life. Then there was the robber Juraj Janosik (1688-1713) who, hidden in the Carpathians, attracted little attention from the authorities. According to legend , he robbed from the nobles and gave to the peasants, and was the subject of numerous songs and tales. A symbol of resistance to oppresion, a partisan group took his name during the Slovak National Uprising against the Nazis in 1944.

Hobsbawm identified nine characteristics of the noble robber.

1) He must become an outlaw not because of a crime that he has committed, but as a victim of injustice. Or he is being persecuted for some act which the authorities - but not the people - consider criminal.

2) He rights wrongs.

3) He takes from the rich to give to the poor.

4) He never kills except in self-defence or out of righteous revenge.

5) If he survives his period of outlawry, he returns to the community as an honuorauble citizen, though he has never left the people.

6) He is admired, aided and supported by his people.

7) If he dies, it is invariably through treachery. No decent member of the community would turn against him.

8) He possesses mythical qualities of invisibility and invulnerability.

9) He is not the enemy of the king or emperor, who is the fount of justice, but only of the local gentry, clergy or other oppressor.

The real Robin Hood - if there was one - fails in most of those criteria."

"Robin Hood - The true history behind the legend" Nigel Cawthorne
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