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> Gotlandię Zamieszkiwali Bałto-słowianie I Finowie, Germanie weszli dopiero w średniowieczu
     
Krut syn Gryna
 

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post 14/10/2021, 22:40 Quote Post

Na innym ang. forum spekulują, że to pewnie byli niewolnicy.

Ale są na to jakieś dowody? Pobrano DNA z grobów niewolników?

Ten post był edytowany przez Krut syn Gryna: 14/10/2021, 22:40
 
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Radek8484
 

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post 15/10/2021, 7:21 Quote Post

QUOTE(Krut syn Gryna @ 14/10/2021, 22:40)
Na innym ang. forum spekulują, że to pewnie byli niewolnicy.

Ale są na to jakieś dowody? Pobrano DNA z grobów niewolników?
*



A large number of graves dated to the VA have been located on the coast of the Swedish island of Gotland, which has always held an important position as an island in the Baltic Sea. Archaeological finds show artefacts that are not locally manufactured on the island from as early as the Stone Age (7000-1800 CE). The VA was a very intense period for Gotland. Archaeological finds such as jewellery and coins, mainly manufactured from silver, but also from gold, show traces of trade and exchange contacts with countries to the east, south, and west. Perhaps visiting merchants who never returned home may have been buried on the island, and Gotlandic merchants may never have returned home from their travels.

One of the larger grave fields along the coast, just south of the Visby harbour, is Kopparsvik, Visby 76:1, (The Swedish History Museum in Stockholm SHM 16098, and Gotland’s Museum Invnr. GFC12675). The area has been excavated a number of times—by Oscar Vilhelm Wennersten in 1917-1918, Greta Arwidsson in 1956, Erik Nylén in 1963, and Hilkka Pettersson in 1964-1966. The grave field, which has been fully excavated, is estimated to have been approximately 120 m x 60 m and divided into two areas, a northern and a southern region (Fig. S1.2). Skeletal remains and archaeological artefacts have been collected from 330 graves. Based on the approximately 1000 archaeological artefacts, it has been possible to date the grave field to 900-1050 CE. The archaeological artefacts illustrate both Gotlandic manufacturing and traces of long distance trade. Among the papers that have been written on Kopparsvik are those by Pettersson, Westholm, Toplak and Arcini.

No archaeological trace of settlements has been found in the vicinity of Kopparsvik, and the environment does not allow for farming. Kopparsvik has, therefore, been interpreted as a place of commerce. In connection with a research project concerning health in the skeletal material, isotopic investigations were performed on 15 individuals from Kopparsvik, at the Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University. The measuring of carbon and nitrogen isotopes allowed us an insight of how the diet of the Kopparsvik population may have looked. Were they fishermen who lived mainly on a marine diet, such as fish and seal, or were they farmers who consumed terrestrial diet, such as cattle, sheep, pigs, or terrestrial wildlife? The isotopic analysis results showed an exclusively terrestrial diet (oral report from Professor Kerstin Lidén, Stockholm University).
 
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kalev
 

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post 3/12/2021, 13:51 Quote Post

Nie wiem jak było z Bałto-Słowianami, ale we wczesnym średniowieczu bałtycko-fińskie plemiona z dzisiejszej Łotwy, Estonii i Finlandii utrzymywały kontakty z Gotlandią. Istniała wymiana handlowa, dochodziło do mieszanych małżeństw, a część Bałto-Finów osiedlała się tam, niektórzy trafiali tam jako niewolnicy. Kwestią otwartą jest, jak duża była skala tego osadnictwa. Obecności Bałtów i Słowian również nie można wykluczać. Różnice językowe nie stanowiły bariery uniemożliwiającej kontaktowanie się pomiędzy różnymi ludami.
 
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