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> Polski Dolny Śląsk W Latach 1918-39, obecnie część woj. wielkopolskiego
     
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post 22/10/2019, 6:00 Quote Post

Po 1918 do Wielkopolski przyłączono polskojęzyczny kawałek historycznego Dolnego Śląska (części powiatów sycowskiego, namysłowskiego, górowskiego i milickiego, powierzchnia ok. 550 km2, ludności ponad 30 tys. mieszkańców, z miastem Rychtal). W 1939 nawet Hitler zapomniał że to Śląsk i pozostawił ten obszar w Kraju Warty zamiast wcielić ponownie do Prowincji Śląskiej. Obecnie nadal jest to część woj. wielkopolskiego.

Wywiady z rdzennym Dolnoślązakiem Franciszkiem Nitzke z Bralina:

Z 2006 roku po polsku: 

http://www.mojawyspa.co.uk/artykuly/15880/...wszystkim-praca

Z 1996 roku po angielsku: 

http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/80016077

Fragment wywiadu angielskiego (całość można wysłuchać w linku wyżej):

CODE
Content description

REEL 1 Background in Bralin, Germany, 1905-1918: family; education; sight of German troop movements in area at start of First World War, 1914; loyalties of Silesian Poles; how his father went into hiding as Polish nationalist, 1918. Aspects of period as doctor with Department of Polish Army Medical Services in Poland, 1939: pattern of his university education as army doctor prior to 1939 (...)


"(...)
- Doctor Nitzke, where were you born, please?
- The locality is Bralin, B-r-a-l-i-n, in Poland.
- Which part of Poland is that?
- That's Silesia.
- And tell me what the date of your birth was, please?
- The 21st of September 1905.
- Can you tell me something about your family background, what your father did for a living or so?
- My father was a businessman, he had a business [description of the business]
- And was it a Polish family?
- Yes, a Polish family, Polish family. Father was Polish, mother was Polish.
- Is your surname Polish? Your surname, Nitzke?
- Yes, it's Polish you know, but it is a little bit changed. It used to be quite different [among my distant ancestors], it was changed under the Germans of course [...] eventually my name is like that, it used to be Nitzke since I was born.
(...)
- Do you have any memories of WW1?
- Oh yes, of course.
- What memories do you have?
- I remember all the German troops going towards the Russian front, they were going through Bralin by train or even marching.
(...)
- Did your family suffer any privations?
- No, no, we had one of these German commanding officers, a colonel, he was billeted in our house, so we were protected. I mean, from the point of view of the Germans at that time, there was no trouble at all, because we, in Silesia, we were German citizens.
- What was the attitude of local Polish people in Silesia towards the war, when it comes to political issues?
- Well, you know, there was nothing special at that time. Because it was just a world war. And because we lived in Germany, so to speak, in Silesia. So of course everybody agreed with that.
- Did people feel loyal to the German Reich?
- At that time yes, the beginning of the war.
- Did it change?
- Yes it changed later on, towards the end of the war, and immediately after the war. Then the Polish nationality and Polish nationalism, they started to emerge. And then there was an uprising in Silesia, three times.
- What did you see of that uprising?
- Well I didn't see it, in our part, in my part, near Bralin, there was nothing to be seen, because the uprising was in Upper Silesia, in that part.
(...)"

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Części Dolnego Śląska włączone do Wielkopolski po 1918:

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Ten post był edytowany przez Domen: 22/10/2019, 6:19
 
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post 23/10/2019, 8:23 Quote Post

R. Böckh w książce "Der Deutschen Volkszahl und Sprachgebiet" z 1869 roku podaje, że było jeszcze 448 polskich wsi na Dolnym Śląsku:

https://books.google.pl/books?id=ABZ5DwAAQB...wohnern&f=false

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Natomiast jako Polski Dolny Śląsk ("das polnische Nieder-Schlesien") zdefiniował obszar z 514 miejscowościami i 103,200 mieszkańcami:

https://books.google.pl/books?id=ABZ5DwAAQB...20Einw.&f=false

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